Water supply can be contaminated with microorganisms without your awareness. Once virus or bacteria thrive in your water system, it can cause waterborne illnesses that pose great health risks to household dwellers. It has been recorded that about 1.8 million humans die annually because of waterborne illnesses. To make sure that you are drinking and using safe water at home, it is important to check water sources and conduct risk assessment.
Water testing kits are available in the market to help you check the quality of your drinking water. These kits are inexpensive and are easy to use. By taking a sample directly from your tap or from water source, you will have an idea if the water is safe to drink. You can send collected samples to the kit provider for further laboratory analysis. A result certificate will be given to you after the test is done. If the presence of bacteria or virus is confirmed, several measures to get rid of this micro-organism are included in the test result.
Legionellosis is one common waterborne disease that affected not only the third world countries but also countries with effective health services. The world has records of the most serious outbreaks caused by this disease. To combat this outbreak, it is important to know where these Legionella bacteria live and breed. It is surprising to know that heating and cooling systems are the favourite breeding spots of these bacteria. They can survive in your showers and heaters at home, in hotel spas, cooling towers, in hospital water systems and other artificial water features.
Regularly conducting Legionella risk assessment is the best way to prevent the spread of these harmful bacteria. Most commercial and residential properties are required to submit to this health and safety legislation. The risk assessment is a detailed report about the water system of a particular property. Sources of risk are identified such as the water temperature that encourages bacteria to multiply. From the report, people responsible can now implement and monitor control measures.
As a homeowner, you are also responsible to carry out water testing and risk assessment on your own. Simple tasks like setting your water heating system so that your hot water will not fall below 60°C, frequently cleaning your shower heads, monitoring your water tank lid, cleaning debris in your water source and checking your pipe works will prevent bacteria to breed.